by Infogram
Create infographics

Maps and charts in Science

Use of maps and charts in science, some vintage examples

January 28, 2013

Through the times, we’ve been using maps to organize information in order have a deeper grasp of its meaning.

In science they have been a meaningful help in discoveries and to show a visual product of scientists’ investigations.

In science they have been a meaningful to help in discoveries and to show us how some scientists “see” their investigations.

One of the following maps was important because of the scientific breakthrough it allowed ( John Snow’s map), the others are both the product of scientific investigations and instruments used for science investigation.


John Snow’s cholera map of central London (1854). The dots correspond to places where Snow found people suffering from cholera. He then compared it to a map of London pipeline system and concluded that the spread of the disease was due to the consumption of poisoned water.


Chart of distribution of anual temperature and pressure.


This map dates from 1910 and describes the relative location of stars and the constellations in the sky.


This is a sketch map of the features on the surface of the moon , the result of observations using an inverting telescope. It dates from the 1950s.


Mercator’s first map, dating from 1538. Mercator had an important role in cartographic representation because he developed a new way of projecting the sphere on a plane, which he presented in 1569.


Map of the centre of the earth, by Athanasius Kircher in Mundus subterraneus. Dates from 1678


Written by Susana Pereira

Susana Simões Pereira, maths teacher and PhD in science teaching and communication. I enjoy games and photography and I'm passionate for science and art, specially when together in the same context. You can follow my updates on Twitter, LinkedIn and Facebook.